Top 8 Tips For Athletes in Sports Nutrition
To meet the demands of daily training and competition and to support recovery after the effort, you need to provide your body with enough energy through an adequate uptake. Dietary energy is like fuel to your body. It’s obvious that training and competition generally increase the daily energy requirements and, depending on the type, duration, and intensity of your sports discipline, you need to adapt your intake of food and beverages.
Sports Nutrition Guidelines
- Carbohydrates are primarily what the body relies on for energy. But the body needs a fairly steady source from the diet, since there’s only so much carbohydrate the body can store – in the form of glycogen – in the muscles and the liver.
- It’s important to ‘top off the tank’ with some carbohydrate before an athletic event. But in choosing what to eat, the athlete needs to consider how much time they have to digest before activity starts.
- Foods high in fiber and fat delay digestion time; it’s best to save them for after the event.
- Light or liquid meals digest more quickly than solid ones. For athletes who have only an hour or less to digest before an event, a smoothie or a carton of yogurt would be easy on the stomach.
- If there’s an hour or two before the event, then a lighter, solid meal – some cottage cheese and toast, a bowl of low fiber cereal – would work. If there’s 3 hours or more until the event, then a regular meal will do.
- During continuous activity that lasts longer than an hour, athletes need to keep the carbohydrate coming in. Specially designed sports drinks are ideal for this purpose, since they provide fluid and salts as well as the right amount of carbohydrate to keep muscles well-fueled; some also provide small amounts of protein which help with muscle recovery.
- Post-exercise, the body is ready to take up plenty of carbohydrate to replenish the stores in the liver and muscles. Ideally, athletes should try to eat within 30 minutes or so after the event is over. Fruits, veggies, whole grains, beans and dairy products are all terrific recovery foods. Now is the time to load back up on the higher fiber carbs since digestion time is no longer a concern.
- Protein shakes are also needed after exercise to help promote muscle recovery.
I hope you’ve found these tips useful, but if you need further in depth professional advice about this, then please get in touch to book an appointment today. I look forward to meeting with you soon!